Category Archives: Commentary

Dative Case Marker Words

Modern Greek differs from New Testament Greek in many ways, and one of the biggest differences is that there are no longer any Dative Case inflections or suffixes on words like there were in Koine Greek. Instead, marker words or helper words came to be used.

See for example Luke 21:23 txt τω λαω ℵ A B C D K L M N Π Ψ ƒ¹ ƒ¹³ 33 157 579 892 1241 2542 lat SBL TH ΝΑ28 {\} εν τω λαω E G H S U W Y Γ Δ Θ Λ Ω 2 124 346 565 700 1071 𝔐 syr-h TR RP επι τω λαω 1424 vg: ira populo huic (KJV) ‖ lac 𝔓⁴⁵ 𝔓⁷⁵ F P Q T 28.

Some recent translations of the Majority text render this “wrath among this people.” I disagree with that, and I render both the NA28 and Majority texts the same way.

So also, where the same construction is found in Romans 16:7, ἐπίσημοι ἐν τοῖς ἀποστόλοις, it should be rendered “who are well known to the apostles, and were in Christ before me.”

Signs of the End Times

Your Orwellian Communist Globalist masters are very pleased with how you have been good slaves and meekly submitted to giving up your God-given rights for the sake of their extremely over-hyped virus. So now they feel confident enough to reveal what plans they have your money. VISA, the credit card company, has revealed that last year it filed a patent for a digital U.S. Dollar, and how it would replace the current fiat dollar. The term “fiat” is Latin, and it is used in money circles to refer to the central bank-printed currencies such as the U.S. dollar that are not backed by gold or anything else, so new additional dollars can be “declared” into existence, thus, “fiat” money.

But, you might say, doesn’t VISA already handle digital dollars? No. Not like the new ones, not even close. The new ones are a kind of software that runs on the Etherium crypto-currency distributed ledger block chain. The ledger will put an existing dollar out of circulation, even using the same serial number, and from then on the central bank machine ledger will know who used that particular dollar each time, and what they used it for, and where they got it. The new digital dollars will be programmable. For example, if some of these digital dollars are put into someone’s account from Welfare, those dollars can be programmmed such that they can only be used for designated purposes. They simply won’t work for anything else. And like the Communist China “social credit system” your particular dollars can be programmed as degraded, such that they won’t be usable for flying, or something else that your masters deem unfit for a political dissident. You can thank Google and Apple and Amazon and the Democrat party for this, as they have been fully on board and cooperating with Communist China, all the while shouting “Russia, Russia, look there, not here.”


Hand in hand with this development, is the coming of “negative interest rates.” Parts of Europe already have negative interest rates. What this means is that your bank account, rather than earning interest, will charge you interest. Yes, you will have to pay the bank even more to hold your money. Well, people will just withdraw all their money, right? No, not when there is no more cash. The only way they can force negative interest rates on us is if they eliminate cash. Of course this is evil and perverted. What’s next, instead of you paying interest on your house mortgage, they pay you to live in a house? Of course that is ridiculous, but evil and insanity go hand in hand. Evil rewards evil, and punishes righteousness. Yes, a tyrant wants people to be dependent on them. Their attack on small businesses has gone a long way toward accomplishing that. America has been attacked, and its citizens are letting it happen. Few have the courage to call the enemy what they are, and just re-open their businesses.


But wait, is President Trump going to go along with this? There are hints and some evidence that it is indeed in the works. Steve Mnuchin, the Secretary of the Treasury, has hired Brian Brooks, who was the legal counsel for Coinbase, one of the largest cryptocurrency trading platforms. (Bitcoin and Etherium are examples of crypto-currencies.) Briand Brooks wrote “distributing Greenbacks on the distributed ledger known as block chain, is inevitable.” This is indeed an indication that the U.S. dollar is going to go to something like Coinbase’s USDC. The Treasury is currently involved in a court case with New York’s regulators over some crypto-currency issue, and Brian Brooks is the man for that job. Furthermore, President Trump has tweeted that the Fed needs to lower our interest rates in order to be competitive with countries who have negative interest rates. Well, our rates are almost zero now, so that probably means that negative interest rates are coming soon for the U.S.


Cryptocurrencies built on the Etherium block chain are also being programmed to keep track of Covid-19 vaccination status and immunity. They are planning a “vaccine license” such that only those certified to be vaccinated will be able to do things like go to concerts. They will use this as an excuse for much of this, and most of you have already fallen for it, so it will not be that hard.


So wow, what can we do about this? Trump will not save you, QAnon will not save you, no human government will save you. In fact, all this must happen, for the scriptures to be fulfilled. This is in line with Bible prophecy, how in the end times there will be a one world government, and that government under “the beast” will be able to control who can buy or sell, over the whole planet. These things must take place before the Return of the King, Jesus Christ, Yeshua Ha Moschiach, the Lion of Judah.
Days will come when many Christians will die of hunger, and many will be beheaded. But it is an exciting time, because we are seeing a separation of the true Christians from the nominal, false Christians. Let us band together, and help each other. Let us meet together and encourage one another, preferably not in state churches that are licensed and incorporated with the state.
Links:
https://www.forbes.com/sites/jasonbrett/2020/05/14/visa-submits-patent-application-for-digital-dollar-using-blockchain/
ID2020, ID will be connected to Bill Gates’ vaccine.
https://youtu.be/SkT0uIUSdWs

Right to Assemble

“The righteous are as bold as a lion.” Prov. 28:1

What happened to the authority of Jesus Christ? Does he have all authority in heaven and earth, or not? Jesus Christ commanded us to assemble together as believers, and commanded us to go evangelize. For those activities, we have all authority. We must say to the human authorities, “We must obey God rather than men.” (Acts 4:19; 5:29)

BTW, the governors etc. who are issuing orders that violate your constitutional rights, THEY are breaking the law in Title 18 USC Sec. 242, “deprivation of rights under color of law,” and committing a crime.

I am very disappointed in you Christians in America. You have a chance to be a testimony to the power of the kingdom of God, and you are being wimps. “But as for the cowardly…their inheritance is in the lake of fire and sulfur, which is the second death.” Revelation 21:8

Of course, if your church asked your state permission to be a state corporation, and your pastor asked your state permission to preach the gospel and obtained a “license to preach the gospel,” and your church asked the IRS permission to be a church under Title 26 USC Sec. 501(c)(3), then your church is by law a creation of the state, is headed by the state, and its head is not Christ. You would have no case in court. But you had no business doing any of that in the first place; and those things are not even required by law. You have a constitutional right to assemble, and a God given order to assemble. And, it could be argued that obtaining those things were acts of rebellion, and a slap in the face of Jesus Christ your master. I do not attend such “churches,” and I suggest it is high time you do not either. REPENT. God is not pleased with cowards.

αὐτοῦ versus ἑαυτοῦ in Luke’s Gospel

I am now fully annoyed by the recurring variant in the gospel of Luke between αὐτοῦ and ἑαυτοῦ.  The UBS and RP texts alternate sides back and forth.

The latest is Luke 15:5, ἐπὶ τοὺς ὤμους ἑαυτοῦ (BYZ) or ἐπὶ τοὺς ὤμους αὐτοῦ (UBS).  He places it upon his shoulders.  The KJV does not render this “his OWN shoulders” as do some recent translations of the BYZ text.  There is no real reason to.

15:26 πατέρα ἑαυτοῦ v. πατέρα αὐτοῦ (BYZ)
Again, there is no reason to render this “his OWN father.”

14:27 σταυρὸν ἑαυτοῦ (UBS) v. σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ (BYZ)
His OWN cross v his cross, this one may be meaningful.

15:20 πατέρα ἑαυτοῦ (UBS) vs πατέρα αὐτοῦ (BYZ)

Complicating this, and perhaps explaining the rise of this, is the contraction of ἑαυτοῦ which is αὑτοῦ. Note the rough breathing mark, which is the only thing that distinguishes it from αὐτοῦ.  The early papyri and uncials may not show this, so they could read either way.

Who Is the Fountain of Living Waters?

John 7:37-38 And in the great and final day of the festival, there stood Jesus.  And he cried out, saying, “If anyone is thirsty, he should come to me; and drink, he who believes on me.  As the scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from His belly.”

Now go to John 8:6, where Jesus writes in the dirt on the ground. Jesus has just the day before, declared himself to be the fountain of living waters, during the last and great day of the Feast of Sukkot, of Tabernacles.  But the Pharisees and Sanhedrin and religious leaders did not receive him as such.  The next thing they did was bring the woman caught in adultery, to test him. What did Jesus do?  Jesus wrote in the earth, John 8:6, he was writing in the dirt, κατέγραφεν εἰς τὴν γῆν.  Messianic Rabbi Zev Porat points out that this writing in the earth by Jesus was a fulfillment of Jeremiah 17:13-
“O Yahweh, the hope of Israel, all that forsake you shall be put to shame.  They that turn away from me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken Yahweh, THE FOUNTAIN OF LIVING WATERS.”

Jesus writing in the dirt in John 8:6 was a fulfillment of Jeremiah 17:13 in two ways: They were put to shame, and their names were written in the earth, because they had turned away from the fountain of living waters.

But, you may miss this jewel if you are reading some of the modern “gender inclusive” Bible translations in John 7:38:

NIV        Whoever believes in me, as Scripture has said, rivers of living water will flow from within them.”

NRSV     and let the one who believes in me drink. As the scripture has said, ‘Out of the believer’s heart shall flow rivers of living water.’”

You see, these obscure the fact that Jesus was declaring Himself to be the fountain of living waters!

Here is my tranlsation of John 7:38:
ὁ πιστεύων εἰς ἐμέ.   καθὼς εἶπεν ἡ γραφή, ποταμοὶ ἐκ τῆς κοιλίας αὐτοῦ ῥεύσουσιν ὕδατος ζῶντος

DRP    he who believes on me.  As the scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from His belly.”

And the KJV:      He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.

John 7:38 says, “As the scripture has said.”  Therefore, you have to ask, what scripture is there that says what the NRSV says, “out of the believer’s heart shall flow rivers of living water”?  None exists, but there are scriptures that indicate that Christ is the source of living water.  Moses struck the rock in the desert, and streams of water came out of that.  The apostle Paul said that rock is Christ. Once again I am giving you another good reason to set aside the translations that use plurals for gender inclusiveness.  It makes the scriptures inaccurate and muddied up.

The Greek says “out of his belly.” Does not say “the believer,” and it is not plural.
καθὼς εἶπεν ἡ γραφή, ποταμοὶ ἐκ τῆς κοιλίας αὐτοῦ ῥεύσουσιν ὕδατος ζῶντος

The Hebrew of Jeremiah 17:13:
מִקְוֵה יִשְׂרָאֵל יְהוָה, כָּל-עֹזְבֶיךָ יֵבֹשׁוּ; יסורי (וְסוּרַי) בָּאָרֶץ יִכָּתֵבוּ, כִּי עָזְבוּ מְקוֹר מַיִם-חַיִּים אֶת-יְהוָה.
http://www.mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/pt1117.htm

This is another indication that the passage about the woman caught in adultery does belong in the Bible, and was indeed inspired by God and written by the apostle John.

I have updated my translation of the gospel of John to incorporate this information.
Download here.

Good Samaritan Variant

In the Parable of the Good Samaritan in the gospel of Luke, chapter 10 verse 30, the Majority Text contains an additional word, τυγχάνειν , which the KJV and other Majority Text translations do not translate.

10:30 txt ἡμιθανῆ ?⁴⁵ ?⁷⁵ ℵ B D L Θ Ξ ƒ¹ 22 33 579 700 1241 TH NA28 {/} ἡμιθανῆ τυγχάνοντα A C E G H K M N S U X W Y Γ Δ Λ Π Ψ 070 ƒ¹³ 2 28 157 565 892 1071 1342 1424 2542 ? TR RP ‖lac F P Q T.

The BDAG lexicon says this ? reading means “leaving him for half dead, as indeed he was.”  The BDF grammar §414(1) glosses the word τυγχάνειν as “happen to be.”  Thus: the bandits supposed that he was half dead without knowing for sure, but it so happens that he was indeed half dead.

This footnote has been added to my translation of the Gospel of Luke:
http://bibletranslation.ws/trans/lukewgrk.pdf

No Eating or No Sleeping?

Which of these two wishes would you rather have granted for you?

  1. Never have to sleep again.
  2. Never have to eat and drink again.

I think about this, because I do not have enough time to do the things I want to do. I would like to finish translating the New Testament from Greek to English, but I also would like to write some other books, and also compose a concerto or symphony.

At first glance, you might think you would gain more time with the first one, not having to sleep. But, if you did not have to eat and drink, you would also not have to do these things:

  1. go grocery shopping
  2. cooking
  3. take the time to eat
  4. gardening / farming
  5. wash and dry dishes, pots, pans
  6. go to the bathroom
  7. clean the bathroom
  8. clean the stove and oven, or, in some cases, deal with the cooking fire and firewood
  9. change and wash your underwear as often
    etc.

I am very annoyed that I have to stop and eat. I get into a good groove writing or editing, but when I have to stop and eat, and then return, it takes a while to get back into it, and sometimes I make mistakes, like picking up at the wrong place, etc. Also, eating often makes me sleepy, and I can’t work because of that.

You would save a lot of money not having to eat and drink, unlike sleeping, which is more generally free or much less expensive. I am sure that if you never ate or drank, you would then need less sleep, since eating makes you sleepy, but also, the digestive tract would not need the rest and rebuild time of sleep.

So, I would choose to never have to eat and drink again, over never having to sleep.

Romans 1:29 Malice

Romans 1:29 (ESV) They were filled with all manner of unrighteousness, evil, covetousness, malice. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, maliciousness. They are gossips,…” THIS is an example why I am doing my own translation. The ESV is one of the main English translations, but this verse is unacceptable to me, because in the above list, it has both “malice” and “maliciousness.”. I am still working on this verse, but one thing I know, is that I will not have two forms of the same word.     This applies also to the versions that have “malice” and “ill-will” as their renderings, since those two are essentially the same.

κακία                                       κακοήθεια

GNV                maliciousness                       taking all things in the euill part

Rheims            wickedness  malignity

KJV                  maliciousness                       malignity

ASV                 maliciousness                       malignity

YLT                   malice                                      evil dispositions

JBP                  malice                                      spite

NASB              evil                                            malice

RSV                 malice                                      malignity

Recov             malice                                      malignity

ESV                  malice                                      maliciousness

NIV                  depravity      malice

Amp                malice                                      ill will and cruel ways

NLT                  hate                                         malicious behavior

NCV                hatred                                     thinking the worst about each other

EMTV             malice                                      maliciousness

GNB                vice                                           malice

ISV                   depravity      viciousness

LEB                  malice                                      malevolence

NAB                malice                                      spite

NET                 malice                                      hostility

CSB                  wickedness  malice

CEV                 mean                                       hard to get along with

ERV                 hatred                                     thinking the worst things about each other

GW                  mean                                       viciousness

TLB                  hate                                         bitterness

Mnc                malice                                     meanness

NRSV              malice                                      craftiness

CBW                malice                                      ill-will

JNT                  vice                                           ill-will

Aristotle defined κακοήθεια as seeing the worst in everything.  Or as the LSJ lexicon puts it, “thinking evil, prone to put the worst construction on everythhing.” Paul says: “in everything give thanks, rejoice evermore, for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.”  Paul says of the lost, “their mouth is full of cursing and bitterness.” 

It is hard to decide how to render this Greek word. In the BDAG lexicon it is defined thus: “a basic defect in character that leads one to be hurtful to others, meanspiritedness, malice, malignity, craftiness…”