Codex Sinaiticus Correctors

I have in August 2015 adopted the sigla conventions of the NA28 for the correctors of Codex Sinaiticus in Revelation, and updated my apparatus accordingly:

א*           4th century
א¹            4th – 6th century (only one occurrence- in 21:4
א²            7th century
א²a          7th century
א²b          7th century
אc            12th century

To download my translation of Revelation.

This entry was posted in Announcement, New Upload and tagged , , , , , , , , , on August 19, 2015 by .

Simon the Zealot or Canaanite?

In Mark 3:18 and Matthew 10:4, the the King James Bible has Simon as a Canaanite.  However, in Luke 6:15 and Acts 1:13, the KJV has Simon as a Zealot.  These are not really compatible to be mutually co-existent, since Jesus would not have appointed a Gentile to be one of the Twelve, or one of the names on the twelve foundations of the New Jerusalem in Revelation 21:14.  In teh Matthew passage, in the very next verse, Matt. 10:5, Jesus tells the twelve not to go down any Gentile road, but to go “only to the lost sheep of Israel.”  Jesus surely would not tell a Gentile that.  Moreover, since the KJV admits that Simon was a zealot, this is also unlikely, that a Gentile would be a Zealot, one of the factions of Judaism.  The earliest manuscripts of Matthew and Mark say Simon was a καναναῖος, which word was derived from the Aramaic word for Zealot.  And the Textus Receptus and the Byzantine text have Simon a Κανανίτης.  Strong’s Concordance for this word, G2581, says this word also is derived from קנּא kan-naw’, “Jealous.” Canaan in Greek consistently starts with the letter Χ :

Canaan (ie., Genesis 13:12) Χανααν; Canaanite: Χαναναίων (Genesis 10:18) Χαναναίους (Genesis 15:21)  And in the NT, for the Canaanite woman, Matt 15:22, Χαναναία

BDAG Lexicon: “Κανανίτης, ου, ὁ man from Cana, Cananite. Acc. to Strabo 14, 5, 14 one of the two Stoics named Athenodorus received this name to distinguish him fr. the other Ath.; ἀπὸ κώμης τινός (Cana near Tarsus) was added. Numerous mss. replace the apparently unintelligible Καναναῖος with this term.” Under Κανά it says the home of, “according to many, also of Simon, Mt 10:4 (s. Καναναῖος). – Heinz Noetzel, Christus und Dionysus ’60. – EDNT.BBHW II 926. M-M.”

The bottom line is that both variants apparently mean the same thing: someone from Cana.  The KJV saying Canaanite is simply rendered incorrectly in English.

I have updated my footnotes on the pertinent passages in Matthew and Mark.  They are linked for downloading.

This entry was posted in Announcement, Commentary, New Upload and tagged , , , , , , , on August 17, 2015 by .

Mystery Babylon

What is Mystery Babylon of Revelation chapters 17 and 18?

First of all, it is called by John a “mystery.”  This means that either it is not easily understood or solved, or that it cannot be solved until due time. John is astonished when he sees her.  He would never have expected her perhaps.

A list of traits of Babylon:

1. “has rule over the kings of the earth.”  Rev. 17:8  It takes 10 kings to defeat her.  A Superpower.
2. Great wealth and luxury and high prices.
3. Responsible for the murders of saints and prophets, and indeed “all the slain upon the earth”

Candidates for Babylon I have heard of are: Rome, Jerusalem, New York, London, and Babylon itself rebuilt in Iraq.  Another, non-city candidate I have heard is “the ungodly world system.”

Rev. 17:18 “And the woman which you saw is that great city that has rule over the kings of the earth.”

This one eliminates Jerusalem.  And Rome as well, unless you go with a preterist interpretation, where it was already fulfilled.  But then I would ask, so did “my people come out of her” out of Rome?  No, they did not. And Rome was not burned in one day by the beast and 10 kings.  Present day Rome certainly does not “have rule over the kings of the earth.”

Rev. 17:16 “And the ten horns which you saw, and the beast, these will hate the prostitute, and they will lay her waste, and bare, and eat her flesh, and burn her up with fire.”

So, the 10 kings and the beast will hate this city.  They are the ones who will actually attack and burn Babylon.  This eliminates certainly, the idea that Babylon is the ungodly world system.  Why would the beast and Satan hate its own?

This also tells us that we are talking about maybe a world superpower, because it takes 10 kings to gang up on it to defeat it.  Also, it had had “rule over the kings of the earth.”

I declare that Rome, Jerusalem, and “the ungodly world system” are eliminated as candidates.

That really only leaves New York, London, and Babylon resurrected.

Why New York? (and by extension USA) It has rule of the kings of the earth, both since the United Nations is there, and because other world government entities are there, like the International Monetary Fund, etc.  Also that the USA is a military power throwing its weight around everywhere.

Why London?  Well, that is the heaviest concentration of super-wealthy people in the world, plus the British Intelligence has more control in the world than people realize.
I say that it is the club of the super-wealthy that are generally responsible for more human deaths than any one.

A re-built Babylon is remotely possible.  That would have to be quite a distance in the future.

There is no entity in the past, like would be needed in a preterist point of view, that would fit Babylon, in my opinion.

Where is America in end times prophecy?  It is gone by then, unless America is Babylon.  I am beginning to think that in 2 Thessalonians, where Paul said, “and you know what is restraining the beast, until it is taken out of the way,” I’m beginning to think that only America is in the way.  And that is what must be “taken out of the way” with its pesky constitution.

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This entry was posted in Commentary, Theology and tagged , , , , , , on July 29, 2015 by .

Acts 2:47 KJV

In the Greek text in Acts 2:47, the Textus Receptus, Tregelles’ GNT, and Von Soden’s, those three alone have σωζομένους, and Tyndale and the KJV render it “such as should be saved.  But all the other Greek editions have σῳζομένους, and render it something like “those who were being saved.   If anyone has insights on the Greek manuscript basis for the TR reading, let me know.

This entry was posted in Commentary, grammar, Theology on July 17, 2015 by .

Robinson-Pierpont PDF updated

Due to feedback from the downloading public, I have scrapped the pdf I was offering of the Robinson-Pierpont Greek New Testament, and re-compiled a pdf from a Unicode text document which I obtained directly from Dr. Maurice Robinson.  You can download that here.  Note: there will be a table on contents in a column to the left in the pdf, in which you can click on the book names to go directly to that like an Internet link.  However, if you are viewing the document in your browser, the table will not show up.  You have to right-click the link, choose “save as,” and download it to your hard drive.  Then, after that, when you open the document, the links will show up.

This entry was posted in Announcement, New Upload and tagged , , , , , on May 14, 2015 by .

Latin Manuscripts New Testament

I just created a new html web page listing the Latin New Testament manuscripts in order by Beuron number.  This was previously not really available in this format freely on the web.  Also the page states whether that Latin manuscript is “old Latin” text, or Vulgate text, or mixed and variable.

This entry was posted in Uncategorized on May 3, 2015 by .

CNN didn’t tell you this…

CNNCBSABCNBCFOX didn’t tell you this, but the president of Turkey has declared himself to be God.  Turkey will also have a new national anthem praising him as God.  Read this whole article:

President of Turkey declares himself to be God

This entry was posted in Uncategorized on April 13, 2015 by .

Snapchat

God sees every message you write on Snapchat, and every message you read and wrongly believe or give credence to.

Just a reminder: “³⁶And I tell you, every idle word which human beings will speak, they will have to give an explanation for it on the day of judgment. ³⁷For out of your words you will be justified, and out of your words you will be condemned.”

 

This entry was posted in Uncategorized on April 3, 2015 by .

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